The question of “Islamic fundamentalism” became of general interest only after the tragic events of September 11, 2001. Before that tragic date, it was a subject for specialized scholars. After 9/11, it is discussed both in Parliaments and in coffee shops, every time the world witnesses a “Muslim” terrorist attack.
What did we learn from this discussion? I believe we learned four theses, which are important for understanding the issues and also for defending religious liberty.
First, not all Muslims are fundamentalists. This thesis seems obvious. Everyone repeats it, from President Biden to my barber. But what does it mean, exactly? To understand it, two preliminary questions should be asked.
Read more at “Twenty Years After: Islam, Terrorism, and 9/11”